History of kiwi cultivation in the world:
Robert Fortton, an Englishman, discovered kiwi fruit as an edible fruit during his study trip to China in 1847.
At the beginning of the 20th century (1906), some zespri golden kiwi seeds were brought from China to New Zealand and cultivated by a horticulturist named Alexander Allison.
Kiwi trees produced from the mentioned seeds were planted in the year (1910) and all the current varieties of kiwi in the world, except for China, are the result of the mentioned trees.
New Zealand horticulturists, after realizing its economic benefits, started to modify horticultural methods and develop its cultivars and cultivars, and in 1940, when a large number of kiwi gardens reached an economic yield, the importance of its cultivation became more apparent and from Kiwi production history in New Zealand has developed rapidly.
Two of the people who have tried the most in this field and achieved significant success are Hayward Wright and Bruno Just, who are involved in the cultivation and propagation of two important varieties of kiwi, which currently make up the largest area under cultivation in kiwi gardens.
with their poison they were named Hayward and Bruno and became world famous.
Kiwi fruit was brought to Europe and then to America around 1847, which at first had an ornamental aspect.
History of kiwi cultivation in Iran:
For the first time in 1347, Mr.
Engineer Ebrahimi saw two stemmed kiwi seedlings in one of the villas in Pashte Valley, Ramsar, and under the supervision of the contract, the next year, a female kiwi tree was planted and the first sample of its fruit appeared. In the winter of the same year, February 1350, severe cold and heavy snow hit Mazandaran, which caused a lot of damage to the citrus trees, but no damage was done to the two trunks of the kiwi tree.
The resistance of the mentioned trees against the long and unexpected cold made the horticulture experts and experts of the Ministry of Agriculture realize the compatibility of the said fruit in the Mazandaran region.
In 1977 (1356 A.H.), FAO experts recommended in a report titled Comprehensive Horticultural Research Plan of Iran that for the northern region of Iran, in addition to citrus fruits, another suitable product should be considered, so that in the years when the cold damages citrus fruits, that product to compensate for the losses to some extent, and at the same time, they considered the kiwi plant report suitable for this purpose and while introducing, they reminded the necessity of conducting research and investigation in this field.
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